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History of Capt Patrick Anderson

I don't know if this is true but it is very interesting to read.

ANDERSON, CAPT. PATRICK, was born July 24, 1719, on a farm on the Pickering Creek, in what is now Schuylkill township, and was the first child of European parents born within the limits of the old township of Charlestown. He was the son of James Anderson, a Scotch emigrant, and Elizabeth Jerman, daughter of Thomas Jerman, a noted Quaker preacher and thrifty miller, who settled very early in the Chester Valley. When a babe his mother occasionally left him with the friendly Indian women to be nursed, while she visited her parents across the mountain. In his youth he was sent to Philadelphia to be educated, and afterward he taught school in his fatherís house. He obtained the home property from his father, and on it at an early date built the saw-mill which now belongs to his great-grandson, Dr. M.J. Pennypacker. He was thrifty and enterprising, and among other possessions owned a number of slaves. There is a letter extant, written by William Moore, of Moore Hall, Nov. 5, 1755, during the progress of the French and Indian war, to William Allen, chief justice of the province, recommending him for a captaincy.

In the Revolutionary struggle he bore an active part. In 1774 he was elected one of the Chester County committee of which Anthony Wayne was chairman. In March, 1776, he was appointed by the Assembly senior captain of the Pennsylvania battalion of musketry, and, though then considerably advanced in years, he accepted the position and recruited a company. This battalion, under the command of Col. Samuel J. Atlee, was placed on the right of the American army at the battle of Long Island, fought with great gallantry, capturing from the British and holding a height, and did much to save the army from destruction. Lieut.-Col. Caleb Parry, a friend and neighbor of Anderson, was killed by his side, and, according to tradition, the sight very much enraged him. His company lost heavily in killed, wounded, and missing. Atlee having been captured, the command of the battalion, which had been very much shattered, devolved upon him, and a letter from him to Benjamin Franklin, dated Sept. 22, 1776, detailing its condition, is printed in the Archives. At the capture of Fort Washington all, or nearly all, of his company were taken prisoners, and on the 9th of January, 1777, he made application for a lieutenant-colonelcy, but does not appear to have succeeded. The battalion was reorganized and consolidated with other troops, and he was put in command of the first company of the State regiment of foot, and later of a company in the Thirteenth Pennsylvania Regiment in the Continental line.

He was in the service when, in the fall of 1777, the British passed through Chester County in the campaign for the possession of Philadelphia. At his house they committed great depredations, destroying and taking his furniture and other property, including 11 cows, 7 beef-cattle, 40 sheep, 10 swine, and 121 fowls, to the value of £303 3s. 6d. A mirror, which had been a part of the marriage outfit of his dead wife, escaped, and now belongs to Samuel Pennypacker, Esq.

He was elected a member of the Assembly in October, 1778, and after a long contest obtained his seat. He was re-elected in 1779, 1780, and 1781, and as a member of that body voted against all efforts to abolish slavery in Pennsylvania. In April, 1779, he wrote to the Council of Safety in regard to irregularities in the election of the militia officers of Chester County, as conducted by Col. Levi Gronow, and that election was annulled. In 1781 he was appointed by the Assembly one of the board of commissioners to provide for the navigation of the river Schuylkill.

He married, at Christ Church, Philadelphia, Dec. 22, 1748, Hannah Martin, and had two children,ó Rebecca and Harriet. He married again, Elizabeth Morris, granddaughter of John Bartholomew, and cousin of Cols. Edward and Benjamin Bartholomew, by whom he had three children,ó Isaac, James, and Elizabeth. He married the third time, Ann Beaton, sister of Col. John Beaton, and had by her seven children. He died in 1793, and is buried in the yard of the Valley Episcopal Church. "History of Chester County" page 463, published in 1881

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